The EV market has many important actors:
EV market actors
The GreenFlux platform builds features for 2 of these
actors: the CPO and the eMSP.
CPO: Charge Point Operator. Operates, maintains and
sometimes owns the infrastructure and/or land.
eMSP: e-Mobility Service Provider. Provides services to
drivers, like access to charge stations and monthly invoicing, as well as
management services for fleets.
Broadly speaking, there are 2 ways a driver can pay for a
- Directly to the CPO (generally using a credit card), also
known as Ad Hoc payment
- Via an eMSP
When paying Ad Hoc, a Payment Service Provider, or PSP,
facilitates the transfer of funds between driver and CPO, adding some fee ontop
of the CPO’s base price.
Ad Hoc transaction
When paying via eMSP, there are actually
2 transactions occurring:
- A retail (B2C) transaction between Driver and eMSP. This is
usually done either with a “cost plus” model (e.g. CPO fee + 5%), or a flat fee
model (40 cents/ kWh).
- A wholesale (B2B) transaction between eMSP and CPO. When the
CPO and eMSP are
different parties, this is a roaming transaction.
The CPO and eMSP can be the same party; in this case, it is
a non-roaming transaction, though in the GreenFlux platform it is still split
as Retail and Wholesale for consistency.
There is a 3rd type of transaction, specific to CPOs:
Reimbursement. When the CPO does not own the energy contract for a charger,
they need to be able to calculate how much must be reimbursed to the contract
owner. There are 2 primary use cases:
- The CPO operates a charger at a business location. The CPO
charges drivers/eMSPs X cents/ kWh. The CPO must reimburse the landlord Y cents
per kWh for the electricity.
- The CPO installs home chargers for fleet drivers. The fleet
manager must reimburse their employee Y cents/kWh for the electricity consumed
and add it onto their paycheck.
Fleet reimbursement transaction Energy contract holder reimbursement transaction